The<strong>Library</strong>

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Hargeysa<strong>International Book Fair</strong>

HargeysaInternational Book Fair

Academics married with Art

February has a special place in the hearts of Somalilanders specially with young and change seekers are the center of attention for all of the activities in Hargeysa Cultural Center most importantly for the Academic Dialog Session. Looking forward for the celebration of Somaliland youth day on February 20, we Started the month with the session on “Migrants on the Margins: a research project of the Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention (OCVP) an institution that is serving as a member of international research partners to the Royal Geographical Society’s Field Research Program that is under way in collaboration with researchers from UK Universities (Sussex, Durham and School of African and Oriental Studies at University of London) to investigate the vulnerability and opportunities of internal migrants from rural and pastoral areas of Somaliland. The research focused particularly on refugees those who are living in three Internally Displaced Camps(IDPs) in Hargeisa (Statehouse, Digaale Camp and Camp A). This three years field research project is simultaneously taking place in four of the world’s most pressured cities, including Hargeisa(Somaliland), Harare(Zimbabwe), Colombo (Sri Lanka) and Dhaka(Bangladesh) with the hope to draw on systematic and comparative data on how these patterns and management techniques vary from one city to another.
To present the research’s current status along with basic findings and methodological aspects, we had Dr Laura Hammond (SOAS) and Dr Benjamin Dix (Positive Negatives, an arts-based company working with the project) along with Ms. Ayan Yousuf (OCVP). The objective of the research is to understand the experiences and challenges that the displaced face in moving into the city and trying to find sustainable livelihoods. The research also considered the challenges faced by municipal authorities in responding to this issue.

As a background and basic findings, the researchers presented that Hargeisa city has nearly one million inhabitants and its economy is mainly dependent on remittance and livestock export. Indicating the fact that the local authority is also struggling to improve the city’s infrastructure and public services which are either absent or in a poor condition, cyclic droughts in the country is stated as a factor that further complicated the situation and have forced many rural and pastoral communities to move to the city in search of survival. The researchers further elaborated that whenever there is drought in the country there are new arrivals, who often find themselves in informal settlements. The three sites house IDPs who are mainly from rural and pastoral communities, but the camps differ in proximity to the city Centre, access to services (including water, education, transportation and work), time of establishment and population which made the challenges faced by the IDP to vary accordingly. The State House, established in 1991, is believed to be the oldest IDP camp in the city, housing 4,500 families at the Centre of Hargeisa. In contrast, the newer Camp A looks like a temporary camp: residents live in simple huts of plastic and old cloths with the hope they will be resettle in a permanent location. Finally, Digaale camp, established in 2012, has an estimated population of 900 families and is located 6km outside the city. Unlike the other two camps, the residents live in permanent metal houses built with the support of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Danish Refugee Council (DRC).


On the aspect of the research methodology, the research is using the Q methodology which was devised to allow an individual to represent his or her vantage point for purposes of holding it constant for inspection and comparison. The key to this approach is to consider data in terms of the individual’s whole pattern of responses, a self- reference rather than looking for patterns among people. People and not tests are the variables is the fundamental perspective of the methodology (McKeown & Thomas 1988).
With this methodology, participants are asked to decide what is meaningful and significant from their perspective by using a Q-sort. From this process an essentially relative set of evaluations is produced. The data from several people are then factorially analyzed; this reveals groups of individuals who have ranked characteristics in the same order. This was explained by Ayan Yusuf the senior researcher of the local partner who further stated that they followed the principle to have an appropriate set of statements that come from the concourse that exists around the issue under consideration, as these are the essence of the subjectivity that will later emerge from the sorting of statements by the participants in addition to making sure that the statements used in Q methodology to be representative of the topic so that there are statements that people can agree with and statements that people can disagree. The other aspect of the research which is expected to have unique presentation is that the statements collected and agreed by the informant on the bases the Q-sort method will later be presented as a story line. This was explained by Dr Benjamin Dix from Positive Negatives, an arts-based company working with the project who has been using comic art as a way of presenting research outcomes.


As the research is a work in progress, findings in a generalized form were not part of the presentation. However, the methodological uniqueness and observational issues were part of the follow up questions and discussion. The night also had another mission of providing information on the MSc scholarship at SOAS explained by Dr. Laur Homound the leading coordinator of the scholarship which was an interesting point for the young Somalilanders who has become a major participant of the platform.

The Issue, The Day and The Presentation
Our second presenter for the month was Ebba Tellander a Doctoral Researcher at Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) and International Institute of Social Studies in the Hauge (Erasmus University Rotterdam) whose PhD project focuses on civic mobilization in Somaliland’s recent history.

Her research is affiliated with the Societal Transformation in Conflict Contexts project, funded by the Norwegian Research Council. She was a Researcher at the Social Dynamics Department and a Communicator at the Communication Department at PRIO. Her previous research focused on the role of the Somali diaspora in Norwegian foreign policy towards the Somali region. Even though she is in her initial stage of her research work, the topic she is working on has managed to pull in many issues and aspect in Somaliland. It couldn’t have been in a better timing to talk about her research area as Somaliland National Youth Day is commemorated every year on 20th of February in remembrance of the youths who play a huge role in the ongoing development in the country. More specifically the researcher is taking the UFFO group as her case study owing to the fact that those youths who were all locally educated initiated a volunteerism program at the Hargeisa Group hospital under the banner of UFFO with the objective of creating sanitary conditions at the then northern Somalia main health facility. This was as struggle and resistance against the then Somalia dictatorial government of Mohamed Siyad Barre who in the 20th February of 1982 arrested and sentenced to death a number of youth in Somaliland that escalated to crackdown by the dictator’s forces accompanied by security agents from the National Security Service-NSS elicited anger by local youths in Hargeisa through unprecedented protest demonstrations. It is in honor of UFFO members and their activities that stimulated resistance to Barre’s oppression by ordinary locals, the government of Somaliland declared 20th February as a national youth day. This is how the presentation of Ebba intertwined with the commemoration as her research is aspiring to investigate peace development through volunteerism-based resistance movement. The feedback from the youth association members who were attending the discussion along with UFFO members themselves enlightened the academic dialog and assisted the researcher to obtain a more digested foundation for her work progress.

Double Celebration for the month
February went more interesting considering the third week dialog session which was held on the commemoration of the International Mother Language day whereby we lunched the first Somali language audio book a translation of “We Kissed the Ground” a dramatic firsthand account of a migrant’s journey from Somaliland to the Mediterranean published by the Rift Valley Institute in 2017.

We also had the launching of Dhaxalreeb (1st issue of 2018) our quarterly bilingual magazine (English and Somali) that will serve as another platform to provide literature, academic dialog and traveling information about Somaliland as you are reading it now. Music performance was also part of the entertainment educational structure of the event.

Concluding the month with the thought provoking documentary of The Life of Malcolm X which has a dimension that has not been given much attention.

The documentary presents how Malcom X played as one of the influential Muslims. The platform has once again served its intention of linking scholars from all corners of the world who has taken Somalia, Somaliland and Horn of Africa as their area of interest with a strong sense of developing academic discussions in Somaliland lead and owned by local scholars and youth. It is not a surprise then that we have grown to 258 people in our mailing list which we are certain will grow more. The attendance by young Somalilanders who the vibrant voice of the discussion are assures the sustainability of this platform as they will be the next presenters with the rising academic aspiration they have. Well with such a celebratory mood of the month of February that shed a light on the academic discussions we had, we are looking forward to the coming presentation with open hand and heart to anyone who is heading to Hargeysa Somaliland to join our sessions be it as presenter or an attendant.
Note. Please notify us if you or anyone in your academic circle is heading to Hargeysa so that we can set a time table for them to be part of the presentation sessions. info@hargeysaculturalcenter.org or tirsit.yetbarek@redsea-online.org

Somaliland: The Abaarso story

During this presentation our academic dissuasion was guided by a project work that focuses on one of the academic success stories from Somaliland; Abaarso Tech school. Mr. Harry Lee an American Filmmaker who is currently pursuing a Master’s degree in Education at Harvard University. He has spent three years in Somaliland teaching at Abaarso School and shared with us his findings on challenges and opportunities for the students to join the highly reputed institutions in the West.

The feature-length documentary which he made with his partners Ben Powell and Kate Griendling, about five Abaarso students who are applying to American schools with a lot of collective dreams and expectations on their shoulders set the discussion on multiple direction including appreciation for of artistic presentation of significant stories that shapes westerns understanding of developing nation. It was also used as a way to reflect the need to come up with a well-researched achievement stories that can inspire young Somalilanders through the voice of youth they related too.

The story detail follows Abdisamad, Roda, and Amaal who are students at Abaarso School of Science and Technology outside Hargeisa. Abaarso is an American-run school where Somaliland students attempt to secure scholarships to US universities so they can be better prepared to lead their country. Each of these three students has different motivations and dreams while at Abaarso. The odds are stacked against them as they apply to American schools but they hold out hope for a better future.

Conclusion

As it has become a prominent space for academic discussion, this forum has grown in number of area covered and attendants. Even though its weekly based aspiration is challenged with the fact that it is not possible to have PhD presentation every week, expanding its domain by having presentations of related published articles, masters research works that have strong relation to a project in the PhD level has gave the chance to hold the sessions on consistent base.

The range of participant is still mainly PhD students but once in a while when we have international scholars who could be benefit not only to the PhD circle but the overall academic development in Somaliland so as to make sure appropriate information collection strategies and locations are used for research which usually puts a question on how international researcher get local context in an objective manner directs our decision to incorporate such studies. this is well assured by making such presentation a public event in comparison to the closed PhD days presentations in order to reach every interested academic community member to takes part in it. the practice of making it a public event also is applied to presentations of internationally renowned scholars whose experience is significant to the wider community. The case of Dr. Severine Autesserre   Dr. Michael Walls and Dr. Scot Pegg’s presentation nights are worth mentioning here.

The growing number of attendants and mailing list members is another encouraging fact that tells how much the forum is attaining its objective of identifying research works on progress, connecting researches, sharing experience and developing collective responsibility of assuring quality research works practice are utilized in researching socially significant matters. On an average we have had 245 participants with local and international mix with young Somalilanders taking the higher portion for attending most of the presentation even though our November presentations brought more of international participant due to the election observation mission for the presidential election. The gender balance seems to be more of male dominant both in number of researches presented and also attendants for the events which we hope will have a different future turn out.

All in all, the forum is going in the right direction which will yield the aspired input for the 40th Somali Studies international congress.

Life is Waiting: Referendum and Resistance in Western Sahara’

“Life is Waiting: Referendum and Resistance in Western Sahara’ directed by Iara Lee

We screened ‘Life is Waiting: Referendum and Resistance in Western Sahara’ directed by Iara Lee to lead the way for another intellectual dialog.
Four decades after its people were promised freedom by departing Spanish rulers, the Western Sahara remains Africa’s last colony. While a UN-brokered ceasefire put an end to armed hostilities in the territory in 1991, the Sahrawi people have continued to live under the Moroccan armed forces’ oppressive occupation, and what peace exists in the area is fragile at best. Tens of thousands of Sahrawis have fled to neighboring Algeria, where over 125,000 refugees still live in camps that were intended to be temporary. In spite of these difficulties, a new movement, with youth at its center, is rising to challenge human rights abuses and to demand the long-promised referendum on freedom. Today’s young generation is deploying creative nonviolent resistance for the cause of self-determination. In doing so, they’ve had to persevere against a torrent of conflicting forces. While risking torture and disappearance at the hands of Moroccan authorities, they’re also pushing back against those who have lost patience with the international community and are ready to launch another guerrilla war. The new film from director Iara Lee will examine these tensions as it chronicles the everyday violence of life under occupation, giving voice to the aspirations of a desert people for whom colonialism has never ended.

Somaliland’s fishery sector and its development initiatives

Somaliland’s fishery sector and its development initiatives, exploring the various economic, social and epistemic networks

As the forum is centering Somaliland/Somalia based research with internationally acknowledged methodology and research practice, the three presentations we had resonated on Somaliland statehood and mechanisms for development that coincided with the election the state was on. The third presentation was by Miss Amanda Møller Rasmussen who has a background in Social Anthropology of Development (MA) from the School of Oriental and African Studies as well as in African Studies (MA) from the University of Copenhagen. She has been affiliated to the Centre of African Studies at Copenhagen University as a research assistant and project coordinator. Her research has mainly focused on Somaliland’s fishery sector and its development initiatives, exploring the various economic, social and epistemic networks that surround Somaliland’s fishery development on both a local and global level. During her presentation she stated that although fisheries in Somaliland have seldom caught the attention of scholars or international actors, the successful articulation of a linkage between “Somali piracy” and regional fisheries have led to more and more development attention, resources and technologies targeted at the Somaliland fishery industry. She argues that this has resulted in linking both local and global actors in an effort to securitize the region. Her presentation reflected more upon how these narratives are used to address issues of poverty and fishery development. At the same time, she investigates how these narratives have made the Somaliland fishery industry – a marginal and often unnoticed industry with little influence on the global community – into an arena from where different local and global actors are able to negotiate their interest, positions, and the allocation of development resources in a globalized world. In such a process establishing, appropriating, and re-establishing ideas about potential dangerous fishermen and the legitimacy of international development by linking up to local desires, global agendas, and the development epistemic communities that surrounds fishery development in Somaliland is mandatory was her point to take from the presentation. As always her presentation was also followed by supplementing perspectives and challenges that shadowed fishery which is an industry Somaliland has a wider opportunity for national development.

Presentation by Mr. Yusuf Serunkuma

With the well ignited appetite by Dr. Pegg’s presentation, we had our following Wednesday dialog with the young scholar Mr.Yusuf Serunkuma who is a PhD student at Makerere University Institute of Social Research (MISR), Makerere University in Kampala. His work focuses on exploiting the craft and aesthetics of popular culture (poetry, nationalist music, monuments, popular narratives and practices, national celebrations, fliers and symbols of statehood such as the national flag, and recent ethnography, 2015) mostly through ethnography, discourse and literary analysis, Yusuf’s work examines the ways in which Somaliland political identity and national consciousness is mobilized as an independent nation state seceding from Somalia. Using the case study of Somaliland, as a form of de-imagined nationalism, Yusuf then attempts to theorize secessionist nationalism (Eritrea, South Sudan, Pakistan, Biafra, Catalonia, Scotland etc.) as it is distinctly different from other forms of nationalism especially anticolonial nationalism. Participants were impressed with the diverging perspective he was trying to illustrate how identity depiction matters by negating the traditional ‘I am this because I am not that’ which he said unless aspiring nations start centering their self-determination in a way that starts and ends in what they are, he said will still be in a continuous challenge of waiting. In his explanation he stated that in Somaliland’s nationalist project he has two arguments: Firstly, he presents that through its “officially sponsored” popular cultural items (such as the symbols of statehood, monuments, nationalist music and poetry, select events such as the arrest of the Horn Stars returning from Mogadishu in 2015 etc.), Somaliland has constructed a public identity that thrives on an intimate juxtaposition/foil with Somalia. He argues that is perilous as there is potential for nationalist amnesia/violence once the foil disappears. Secondly, that although most of scholarship rightly celebrates the peace and stability in the country of the last 26 years, sustaining the images and histories of violence in its public identity and institutional symbolisms suggests it has remained a country at war.  He asserted that Somaliland ought to build a national consciousness without Somalia as its referent. “my suggestions include monumentalizing cultural and SNM heroes, first presidents, significant historical figures etc.”  Secondly, by defining itself in essentially internationalist terms (democrats, anti-terrorism, victims of a genocide), Somaliland surrenders both the power to define itself in its own terms (say, cultural-traditional) to the international regime of power, which defines those terms.  As well, this has potential to plunge the country into cultural/nationalist amnesia once the terms of the debate shift. On the bases of this presentation participants provided pro and critics by giving example of struggle all over the world which lighted up the discussion. Among the core comments were the international principle of state recognition being binding to have a referent state be it as a mother state or patron which are central in the self-determination process. well his argument popular culture shall be used to identify what Somaliland is as it stands on its own description was concluded with a performance by HCC Cultural Dance team that played ‘Hobbay’.

Twenty Years of De Facto State Studies: Progress, Problems and Prospects

Our last three presentations also evolved with similar tone but even got a wider reception owing it to the fact that they were part of the historic, successful and democratic election Somaliland had. All the three presenters were part of the International Election Observation mission as a Sort term observer. First, we had Dr. Scott Pegg Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). His presentation on ‘Twenty Years of De Facto State Studies: Progress, Problems and Prospects’ surfaced issues centering on the struggle for self-determination with in the past 20 years research including Somaliland whereby he stated that the challenge remains constant starting from naming such entities, irregularities in international principles and limitation on new perspective of academic dialog on the area. He further asserted that fundamentally there remains a continued failure to reach agreement on the number of these entities that exist or have existed since 1945. The nuanced and empirically rich academic literature has also largely failed to advance journalists or policymakers’ understanding of de facto states. Yet, the prospects for de facto state studies remain bright. More diverse comparative work, renewed attention to how engagement without recognition might facilitate the participation of unrecognized entities in international politics, a renewed focus on parent state strategies, and increased attention to de facto states and conflict resolution are areas deserving of greater scholarly attention was the pillar point he wanted to pass. Recent developments from Catalonia to Somaliland were discussed with in this presentation framework which lead to heated, informative and interesting dialog night.

  • CARRADA AYAAN DHUNKANNAY (AUDIOBOOK)


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Toban Sanno iyo Tabaabulshahygii Taabbo Galay

Waxa aan ahay wiil aannu laxaadkiisu u dhammayn, laakiin codkiisa iyo hankiisuba bedeli karaan malaayiin Soomaali ah oo aan is bedel u diyaarsanayn. Eebbe nacayb uu noo qabo intayada, aanu laxaadkooddu u dhammayn xannuunka nooguma ridin,Intiina uu socodka iyo lugaha siiyey jacayl uu idiin qabo idiinma siin laakiin waa xikmad xaggiisa ka ahaatay” Mohamed Muse […]


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Our Next Activity

Is the nationality of a Somaliland’s citizen Somalilander or Somali?

      This is the title of a public debate that will take place tomorrow evening, 24th February, at 7.45, at the Hargeysa Cultural Centre. After almost 29 years of independence, many people in Somaliland are unable to differentiate their national identity from their ethnicity as Somali.  This debate is to increase awareness among the Somalilanders […]


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Young men against female genital mutilation/cutting in Somaliland: Discursively negotiating violence, gender norms and gender order

ADIH Session of Wednesday January 22, 2020 Presenter: Dr. Maria Väkiparta from University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts Doctoral Programme in Gender, Culture and Society Title: “Young men against female genital mutilation/cutting in Somaliland: Discursively negotiating violence, gender norms and gender order” As a second presentation of the 2020-year ADIH session, Dr. Maria started with […]


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Hargeysa Cultural Center Goes Virtual Continuing service to community using online platforms

 

Contact: Hargeysa Cultural Centrer
Phone: +252 63 3628220 | Email: info@redsea-online.org

                                                                HARGEYSA CULTURAL CENTRE GOES VIRTUAL

                                                           Continuing service to community using online platforms

 Hargeysa, Somaliland. 2nd June, 2020 – World is dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic which has costed unprecedented number of human lives all over the world. In preventing the spread of the virus, Somaliland has declared state of health emergency. The declaration included closing of institutions and schools to adhere to the prevention principles set by World Health Organization (WHO), specifically the Social Distancing and staying at home. Following the declaration by the Government of Somaliland, Hargeysa Cultural Centre closed the Centre and has been working from home including works on awareness creation campaign by developing video clips in collaboration with concerned institutions and donating health kits and awareness flyers to the needy communities.

While working from home, the Centre has been exploring options to continue its service to the community using alternative platforms and it has successfully set an online platform that assist the continuation of its events without any compromise or risk for community and its employees health safety. It has already done the test events, the one on the 18th May with more than 16K views assured the effectiveness of the platform and now the centre is expanding its service online starting from June 2020 Some of the upcoming events, I particular the Academic Dialogue in Hargeysa series, will mainly focus on the pandemic and its consequences, to assist the community be informed and able to fight the virus. (See for further details the HCC FB Page: https://www.facebook.com/XaruntaDhaqankaHargeysa/)

Accordingly, HCC would like to inform all community members to follow the activities online and engage in constructive conversation until time allows resuming our normal activities. HCC management would also like to stress that it is highly committed in informing the community in staying safe and healthy including its employees, and therefore want to clarify that all the events are Virtual with no public gathering or attendants coming to the centre.

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If you would like more information about this topic, please call Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa at +252 63 3628220, or email info@redsea-online.org

XARUNTA DHAQANKA EE HARGEYSA OO QABANQAABINAYSA BARNAAMIJYO TOOS AH

                                    Faafin hadda ah

                                                                                                                                                           La xidhiidh: Hargeysa Cultural Centrer
Telefoon: +252 63 3628220 | E-mail: info@redsea-online.org

 

                           XARUNTA DHAQANKA EE HARGEYSA OO QABANQAABINAYSA BARNAAMIJYO TOOS AH

                                               U adeegidda bulshada iyadoo khadka toos ah la adeegsanayo

 Hargeysa, Somaliland, Juun 02/ 06/ 2020 – Dunidu maanta waxay la tacaalaysaa xanuunka COVID-19 kaas oo galaaftay tiro badan oo nolosha baniaadamka ah dunida oo dhan. Iyadoo ka hortagaysa faafitaanka xanuunkan ayey Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland ku dhawaaqday xaalad caafimaad oo degdeg ah. Dhawaaqaas waxaa ka mid ahaa xidhitaanka goobaha waxbarasho iyo dusgiyada si loogu hoggaansamo tallaabooyinka ka hortagga ah ee ay dejiyeen Hay’adda Caafimaadka Adduunka (WHO) gaar ahaan kala-fogaanshaha bulsheed iyo in guriga la laasimo. Iyadoo raacaysa baaqii Xukuumadda Somaliland, Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa waxa ay xidhay xaruntii islamarkaana bilowday in shaqooyinka lagu fuliyo guriga iyadoo kana qayb qaadatay olole wacyigelin ah oo ay ka mid yihiin samaynta muuqaallo tusaalaynaya bulshada reer Somaliland habka ay ugu hortagi karaan faafinta xanuunkan COVID-19 iyadoo markaa la kaashanaysa hay’addaha ku shaqada leh.  Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa waxa kale oo ay ugu deeqday deegaanka Laasgeel agab lagaga hortagayo faafidda xanuunka isla markaana u qaybisay shaqaalaha goobta qaadiimiga ah ee Laasgeel iyo dadka deegaankaa qoraallo sawirro u badan oo wacyigalinta ka hortagga xanuunka ah.

Muddadii ay shaqaalaha Xaruntu shaqooyinka ka wadeen guryaha, waxaa loo kuurgalay siyaabaha kala duwan ee Xaruntu u sii joogtayn karto adeegyada ay bixin jirtay ee bulsho iyadoo la adeegsanayo madalo ka duwan kuwii hore waxaanay ku guulaysatay inay hirgeliso madal khadle ah taaso suuragalisay in lasii joogteeyo barnaamijyadeedii iyadoon Xarunta la iskugu iman sidii caadada ahayd. Madalaha cusub ee khadka internet-ka la isticmaalayo Xaruntu waxa ay ka fulisey barnaamijyo tijaabo ah, tusaale ahaan barnaamijki 18ka Meey taasoo ay daawadeen dad ka badan 44Kun hubisayna wax ku-oolnimada isticmaalka madashan. Xaruntu waxa ay toos u bilaabi doonta oo toddobaadkii 2 goor isticmaali doonta adeega Zoom-ka oo ku xidhiidhsan aaladda internet-ka laga bilaabo bishan Juun 3deeda. Barnaamijyada innagu soo socda waxa ka mid ah kuwo diiradda saari doona xanuunkan sadhada ah iyo cawaaqibkiisa, sidii loo caawin lahaa bulshada inay helaan xog ku saabsan si ay ula dagaallamaan fayraskan.

Sidaa awgeed, Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa waxay ogaysiineysaa dhammaan qaybaha bulshada in kala socdaan barnaamijyada Xarunta khadka internetka ilaa duruuftu saamaxayso in shaqooyinkii Xaruntu sidoodii kusoo noqdaan.

Xog dheeraad oo arrinkan ku saabsan haddaad doonayso, fadlan ka la xidhiidh Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa halkan +252 63 3628220 ama ka la xidhiidh info@redsea-online.org, ama se https://www.facebook.com/XaruntaDhaqankaHargeysa.

Xasan Guure Jaamac, aragti iyo mowqif ba nin tiisa suntaday buu ahaa

Ibraahim Xaaji Muuse Wacays oo ka mid ah saaxiibbada aanu isku jaal ku ahayn halgankii SNM iyo ka hor ba, ayaa,  16kii Meey sannadkan 2020ka, goor habeennimo ah oo ay saacaddu ahayd labadii iyo toddoba iyo afartan daqiiqo, telefoonka i gu la soo hadlay.  Geeridii Xasan Guure Jaamac buu ii sheegay. Waxa uu yidhi gurigiisa ayay geeridu ugu timid oo haddaas laga soo hadlay.  Waxa uu ku daray in uu Xasan u dhintay xanuunka Koroonaha(Covid-19).  Xaalad bay ahayd aannaan intaas wax ka badan isa sii odhan karin.  Naxdin baan kacaa-fadhiistay.  Haddana runta ayaan nafta u sheegay.  Waa tii Alle oo waa lama-seegaan; hase ahaatee, magaalada Hargeysa, in Xasan Guure iyo kuwo la mid ahi ba, guryaha ku dhimanayaan, waxa ay tilmaamaysaa xaaladda dalku ku sugan yahay.  Xasan Guure Jaamac ka allaysay adduunkan, Alle ha u dembi dhaafo oo qabriga nuur iyo neecow janno ha uga yeelo; waxaa se uu ka tegay xusuus iyo raad wax laga kororsan karo.

Isbarashadayadu, aniga iyo Xasan Guure, waxa ay ka soo bilaabantay xagaagii 1969kii.  Aniga oo Qaahira ka imid oo fasaxii Jaamacadda ku imid, baannu ku kulanay guri uu adeerkay Maxamuud Xaaji Axmed Guuleed(Alle ha u naxariisto), ka degganaa magaalada Hargeysa.  Adeerkay Maxamuud, waxa uu ahaa nin uu Xasan Guure, si macallinnimo iyo si saaxiibnimo ah labada ba u gu xidhnaa oo uu aad u qaddarin jiray; geeridiisii debadeed na uu in badan  hadal hayn jiray.  Waxa aannu waagaas ahayn dhallinyaro isku ayni ah oo isafgarashadoodu dhowdahay; sidaas darteed jaal baannu noqonnay.  Intaas ka dib se, waannu kala baadnay.  Kudhawaad saddex bilood ka dib, waxa aan ku noqday Qaahira.  Sannadkii 1984kii, buu iigu yimid magaalada Addis Ababa, halkaas oo aan ka ahaa xilhayaha Xafiiska ururka Dhaqdhaqaaqa Waddaniga Soomaaliyeed (SNM).  Maalintaas iyo ka dib baannu, Alle ha u naxariisto ee Xasan Guure, jabad, jid iyo jidiin ba wadaagnay; qof ahaantiisa na kolkan baan sii bartay.

Ururka Dhaqdhaqaaqa Waddaniga Soomaaliyeed (SNM), sida halgankiisu u hawlo badnaa ayaa gudahiisu ahaa.  Goldoloolooyinkiisu ma yarayn.  Qoraal ahaan, waa uu lahaa barnaamij  ujeeddooyin qeexan leh; hayeeshee, heerka hoggaanka guud iyo inta hoos timaadda, cidina ku ma hakan jirin oo hoos loo ma deyi jirin.  Sidaas darteed ururku ma yeelan dhaqdhaqaaq halgan siyaasadeed oo nool.  Falka halganku waxa uu ku ururay dagaalka hubaysan oo keli ah.  Ururku xeer qoran waa uu lahaa; marka se laga yimaaddo shirweyneyaasha iyo shirarka kale, dib loo ma eegi jirin waxa ku qoran.  Dhismaha ururku qabiil iyo jibsnio qabiil buu ahaa; waxaa na lagu soo galayey dhalasho (dadka kale looma diidayn ee sawirka ayaa ciddii kale ba dib u joojinayay).  Tiro aad u yar baa arrintan iyo dhibaatada ay halganka ku keeni karto arkaysay; Xasan Guure kuwaas tirada yar hormood buu ka ahaa.  Ficilka siyaasadeed Siyaad Barre ayaa lahaa.  Cunsuriyad qabyaaladeed oo qayaxan buu dadka ku dibindaabayayn jiray.  Xabbis iyo xasuuq iyo falxumo kasta, magac dartii bay ciidammada iyo hay’daha dawladdiisu kula kici jireen dadka.  Ciidammadiisa iyo madaxda maamulka uu adeejinayo na qabiil soocan buu ka dhigi jiray. Ujeeddo siyaasadeed bay ka ahayd oo waa in halganka ururka SNM qalloocdo oo uu colaad qabaa’il ku isu rogo;  sidaas darteedna uu dulucdiisa waddaniga ah seego.  Dabcan falcelinta degdegga ee badanka xubnaha SNM iyo dadkeeda taageersani tollaaydii qabiil bay noqotay.  Xaqiiqdan waa loo wada jeeday, hayeeshee, dad tiro yar baa isweydiinayey waxa ka dhalan kara.  Xasan Guure Jaamac (Alle ha u naxariisto), waxa uu ka mid ahaa oo uu u ku hadal caddaa kuwii ka digayey tubta uu Siyaad Barre la rabo SNM iyo halgankeeda.

Xaaladda burburka dhaqan-bulsheed iyo qalalaasaha jira dartood dadka Soomaalidu guud ahaa, maanta waa saddex.  Tirada ugu badani waa gurdanraac.  Sida ugaadha iyo xoolaha, hadba dhinaca loo didiyo, ayey u didaan; ama haddii kale, geesta loo ga qaysho ee loo qamaamiyo ayey u jeestaan.  Wax ba ma sii faaqidaan; isma na weydiiyaan wax la sheegay iyo wax ka run ah ama ka been ah.  Kuwo kale waa hiinraac oo waxii ay hebello ka maqlaan baa ku filan.  Waxaa ayagu na jira kooxo hunguri raaca ah oo maal iyo mansab tu walba u mara.  Sabaankan maanta ah tiro aad u yar baa jirta oo mabd’a iyo mowqif sugan ku adkaystay.  Kuwaas na Xasan Guure Jaamac, waxa aan ka marag ahay, in uu hormoodahooda ka mid ahaa.  Soomaalida wuu ku yar yahay qof ta Alle dabadeed, garashada caqligiisa iyo sariigashada qalbigiisa ku go’aan qaataa oo ku dhiirran in uu si cad u cabbiro.  Intii astaantaas leh, aniga agtayda, Xasan Guur kow buu ka ahaa.

Xasan Guure wax uu dad ba kaga duwaanaa, asaga oo aan qofka uu la hadlayo nabarraynin, dhaleeco na dusha ka saarin, ayuu aragtidiisa u dhiibi jiray.  Erey cad oo aan gardarro iyo munaafaqo labada mid na lahayn buu yaqaannay; waa na laba sifo oo dadka maanta siyaasadda ku jira ku  yar.  Xasan Guure waxa kale uu lahaa fool xaalad kasta farxadi ka muuqato iyo weji qosolku saaran yahay. Ma aha wax yar. Bal waqtiyada adag ee werwerku badan yahay, yididdiiladu na kugu yaraato, muunsada wejiga waayeelku dhiirri bay ku gelisaa oo guul bay horseeddaa.  Xasan Guure waxa uu lahaa samo-filasho aanan qof kale ku arag.  Xasan Guure Jaamac, asaga oo kale waayadan, waa macdan aad u dhif.

Haddii uu tii Alle uga hoyday, kaalintiisii, dib wax ay ka noqoto ba, maanta waa bannaan tahay. Alle ha u naxariisto Xasan Guure Jaamac.

Rashiid Sheekh Cabdillaahi (Gadhweyne)

W.Q. Rashiid Sheekh Cabdillaahi

DHAXALREEB MAGAZINE

Dhaxalreeb – Muraayadda Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa, 2009-2020

Dhaxalreeb waa xogxejiye sannadkiiba dhowr goor uga soo baxa Hargeysa qaabab kala duwan (ku daabacan waraaq, ku qaybsan mareegaha PDF, ku codaysan cajalado). Tan iyo markii uu bilaabmay oo ahayd sannadkii 2009-kii, waxa uu ahaa muraayadda Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa ee laga dheehan karo hawlaha dhaqan, shaxan, waxbarasho, fan, faaqidaad, xusuusxejin, dood-wadaag iyo kaydba leh ee ka socda Xarunta. Waana hage aqooneed oo ay ku soo baxaan qoraallo cilmibaadhiseed oo aan kalgal sugan lahayni.

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The Hargeysa Cultural Center was opened in August 2014 in Hargeysa, Somaliland. The Center was established by Redsea Cultural Foundation (RCF). Since its establishment, the Hargeysa Cultural Center has become an important feature in Hargeysa’s cultural landscape. The success of the center owes much to the respect that RCF has gained from its work on running the annual Hargeysa International Book Fair, which, now in its eighth year, has become one of the most admired cultural events in the region.

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