11th Hargeysa International Book Fair

11th Hargeysa International Book Fair – 21-26 July 2018, Hargeysa, Somaliland

We are pleased to announce that the Hargeysa International Book Fair  (HIBF) will held 21-26 July 2018 in Hargeysa, Somaliland. Last year, we celebrated the festival’s 10th anniversary with our chosen theme of Connectivity, this year we start the next decade with our theme of Wisdom. As an organization we have always sort to promote a “connected, open, creative and tolerant society led by wisdom”, and not by emotions; a society that has survived within its own mechanism, culture, heritage and knowledge production. From the 9th century BeytulHekmi (or Dar’ulHekma) in the Islamic Golden Age in Bagdad to the Somali wise men and women who guided the society in the traditional judiciary system, and who governed with authoritative leadership, the virtue of having wisdom as attribute, always gave few people a distinguished mandate to lead. What happened to that virtue? Who are our chosen vanguards today? What do the literature, the traditional oral poetry and arts had to do with the wisdom? Are men of literature loosing their appeal? Do the radical transformation of the Somali society in the recent time deteriorated the essence of wisdom of the ordinary people? These are the questions that we will seek to answer collectively.

Intertwined with this, HIBF2018 will be hosting Somali Studies International Association 22-24 July 2018 (SSIA18), with Somali knowledge production filled by foreign people (something we often ignore) during a period of difficulties of war – it is important to consider how that factor changed Somali literature and how with a young Somali scholars emerging once again to claim their space within Somali knowledge production- this yet again will change and shape our understanding.

Last year we had the privilege of hosting South Africa as our guest country- this year we will welcome Rwanda, a country which less than three decades ago was embroiled in horrific genocide, but which has reemerged as a proud, progressive and leading country in Africa. Rwanda is also reclaiming its narrative and knowledge production and we are pleased to welcome writers, poets and film-makers, but also policy makers and influential people that shaped the recent history of Rwanda.   The parallel between Somaliland’s own difficult recent history and road recovery are many- and with Rwanda’s president Paul Kagame elected as the 2018 chairperson for African Union, it seems that their futures are also intertwined.

We look forward to welcoming each and every one of you to Hargeysa International Book Fair 2018.

Dr. Jama Musse Jama


Hargeysa Cultural Center

20th March 2018

Academics married with Art

February has a special place in the hearts of Somalilanders specially with young and change seekers are the center of attention for all of the activities in Hargeysa Cultural Center most importantly for the Academic Dialog Session. Looking forward for the celebration of Somaliland youth day on February 20, we Started the month with the session on “Migrants on the Margins: a research project of the Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention (OCVP) an institution that is serving as a member of international research partners to the Royal Geographical Society’s Field Research Program that is under way in collaboration with researchers from UK Universities (Sussex, Durham and School of African and Oriental Studies at University of London) to investigate the vulnerability and opportunities of internal migrants from rural and pastoral areas of Somaliland. The research focused particularly on refugees those who are living in three Internally Displaced Camps(IDPs) in Hargeisa (Statehouse, Digaale Camp and Camp A). This three years field research project is simultaneously taking place in four of the world’s most pressured cities, including Hargeisa(Somaliland), Harare(Zimbabwe), Colombo (Sri Lanka) and Dhaka(Bangladesh) with the hope to draw on systematic and comparative data on how these patterns and management techniques vary from one city to another.
To present the research’s current status along with basic findings and methodological aspects, we had Dr Laura Hammond (SOAS) and Dr Benjamin Dix (Positive Negatives, an arts-based company working with the project) along with Ms. Ayan Yousuf (OCVP). The objective of the research is to understand the experiences and challenges that the displaced face in moving into the city and trying to find sustainable livelihoods. The research also considered the challenges faced by municipal authorities in responding to this issue.

As a background and basic findings, the researchers presented that Hargeisa city has nearly one million inhabitants and its economy is mainly dependent on remittance and livestock export. Indicating the fact that the local authority is also struggling to improve the city’s infrastructure and public services which are either absent or in a poor condition, cyclic droughts in the country is stated as a factor that further complicated the situation and have forced many rural and pastoral communities to move to the city in search of survival. The researchers further elaborated that whenever there is drought in the country there are new arrivals, who often find themselves in informal settlements. The three sites house IDPs who are mainly from rural and pastoral communities, but the camps differ in proximity to the city Centre, access to services (including water, education, transportation and work), time of establishment and population which made the challenges faced by the IDP to vary accordingly. The State House, established in 1991, is believed to be the oldest IDP camp in the city, housing 4,500 families at the Centre of Hargeisa. In contrast, the newer Camp A looks like a temporary camp: residents live in simple huts of plastic and old cloths with the hope they will be resettle in a permanent location. Finally, Digaale camp, established in 2012, has an estimated population of 900 families and is located 6km outside the city. Unlike the other two camps, the residents live in permanent metal houses built with the support of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Danish Refugee Council (DRC).

On the aspect of the research methodology, the research is using the Q methodology which was devised to allow an individual to represent his or her vantage point for purposes of holding it constant for inspection and comparison. The key to this approach is to consider data in terms of the individual’s whole pattern of responses, a self- reference rather than looking for patterns among people. People and not tests are the variables is the fundamental perspective of the methodology (McKeown & Thomas 1988).
With this methodology, participants are asked to decide what is meaningful and significant from their perspective by using a Q-sort. From this process an essentially relative set of evaluations is produced. The data from several people are then factorially analyzed; this reveals groups of individuals who have ranked characteristics in the same order. This was explained by Ayan Yusuf the senior researcher of the local partner who further stated that they followed the principle to have an appropriate set of statements that come from the concourse that exists around the issue under consideration, as these are the essence of the subjectivity that will later emerge from the sorting of statements by the participants in addition to making sure that the statements used in Q methodology to be representative of the topic so that there are statements that people can agree with and statements that people can disagree. The other aspect of the research which is expected to have unique presentation is that the statements collected and agreed by the informant on the bases the Q-sort method will later be presented as a story line. This was explained by Dr Benjamin Dix from Positive Negatives, an arts-based company working with the project who has been using comic art as a way of presenting research outcomes.

As the research is a work in progress, findings in a generalized form were not part of the presentation. However, the methodological uniqueness and observational issues were part of the follow up questions and discussion. The night also had another mission of providing information on the MSc scholarship at SOAS explained by Dr. Laur Homound the leading coordinator of the scholarship which was an interesting point for the young Somalilanders who has become a major participant of the platform.

The Issue, The Day and The Presentation
Our second presenter for the month was Ebba Tellander a Doctoral Researcher at Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) and International Institute of Social Studies in the Hauge (Erasmus University Rotterdam) whose PhD project focuses on civic mobilization in Somaliland’s recent history.

Her research is affiliated with the Societal Transformation in Conflict Contexts project, funded by the Norwegian Research Council. She was a Researcher at the Social Dynamics Department and a Communicator at the Communication Department at PRIO. Her previous research focused on the role of the Somali diaspora in Norwegian foreign policy towards the Somali region. Even though she is in her initial stage of her research work, the topic she is working on has managed to pull in many issues and aspect in Somaliland. It couldn’t have been in a better timing to talk about her research area as Somaliland National Youth Day is commemorated every year on 20th of February in remembrance of the youths who play a huge role in the ongoing development in the country. More specifically the researcher is taking the UFFO group as her case study owing to the fact that those youths who were all locally educated initiated a volunteerism program at the Hargeisa Group hospital under the banner of UFFO with the objective of creating sanitary conditions at the then northern Somalia main health facility. This was as struggle and resistance against the then Somalia dictatorial government of Mohamed Siyad Barre who in the 20th February of 1982 arrested and sentenced to death a number of youth in Somaliland that escalated to crackdown by the dictator’s forces accompanied by security agents from the National Security Service-NSS elicited anger by local youths in Hargeisa through unprecedented protest demonstrations. It is in honor of UFFO members and their activities that stimulated resistance to Barre’s oppression by ordinary locals, the government of Somaliland declared 20th February as a national youth day. This is how the presentation of Ebba intertwined with the commemoration as her research is aspiring to investigate peace development through volunteerism-based resistance movement. The feedback from the youth association members who were attending the discussion along with UFFO members themselves enlightened the academic dialog and assisted the researcher to obtain a more digested foundation for her work progress.

Double Celebration for the month
February went more interesting considering the third week dialog session which was held on the commemoration of the International Mother Language day whereby we lunched the first Somali language audio book a translation of “We Kissed the Ground” a dramatic firsthand account of a migrant’s journey from Somaliland to the Mediterranean published by the Rift Valley Institute in 2017.

We also had the launching of Dhaxalreeb (1st issue of 2018) our quarterly bilingual magazine (English and Somali) that will serve as another platform to provide literature, academic dialog and traveling information about Somaliland as you are reading it now. Music performance was also part of the entertainment educational structure of the event.

Concluding the month with the thought provoking documentary of The Life of Malcolm X which has a dimension that has not been given much attention.

The documentary presents how Malcom X played as one of the influential Muslims. The platform has once again served its intention of linking scholars from all corners of the world who has taken Somalia, Somaliland and Horn of Africa as their area of interest with a strong sense of developing academic discussions in Somaliland lead and owned by local scholars and youth. It is not a surprise then that we have grown to 258 people in our mailing list which we are certain will grow more. The attendance by young Somalilanders who the vibrant voice of the discussion are assures the sustainability of this platform as they will be the next presenters with the rising academic aspiration they have. Well with such a celebratory mood of the month of February that shed a light on the academic discussions we had, we are looking forward to the coming presentation with open hand and heart to anyone who is heading to Hargeysa Somaliland to join our sessions be it as presenter or an attendant.
Note. Please notify us if you or anyone in your academic circle is heading to Hargeysa so that we can set a time table for them to be part of the presentation sessions. info@hargeysaculturalcenter.org or tirsit.yetbarek@redsea-online.org

Hawlaha Ka Baxsan Xarunta Gudaheeda

In kasta oo ay shaqada inteeda badan ka dhacdo Xarunta Dhaqanka gudaheeda, haddana waxa khasab ah in mararka qaarkood laga gudbo xadka magaalada iyo ka dalkaba. Safarradani waxa ay noqon karaan kuwo aqoonkorodhsi iyo kuwo tababarro cid kale la siinayo ah labadaba. Safarradaas waxa ka mid ah kii u dambeeyey ee bishii 12-aad 2017 lagu tegay Kigali, Rwanda.  Caasimadda Rwanda ee Kigali waxa isugu imanayey dhowr iyo labaatan qof oo isugu jira halabuur iyo ururro halabuurka dhiirri geliya ama siyaabo kala duwanba ula shaqeeya. Arrinta xiisaha leh ayaa ahayd in ay dhammaantood xiisaynayeen in ay wax ka ogaadaan Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa oo ay in badan warkeeda maqleen. Waxa dhacaysay in xiisaha loo qabo Xarunta iyo gebi ahaanba Somaliland uu hadheeyo ururradii kale ee dhiggooda ahaa.  Wax la kaydsado dad baa u mudan, Xaruntuna waxa ay rejaynaysaa in dhowaan la arki doono midhaha ka dhasha wadashaqaynta halabuurka Afrikaanka ah iyo Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa.

Tababbarka Digital Storytelling

In ay bulsho yeelato muuqbaahiye aan ahayn ka guryaha yaalla, balse ah mid si fudud looga heli karo Baraha Bulshada, dhowr daqiiqo gudahoodna ku gudbin kara macluumaad muuqaal ballaadhan bixinaya, ayaa noqotay lagamamaarmaan tobankii sanno ee u dambeeyey. Qodobkani waxa uu ahaa mid lagaga horreeyo Somaliland, welina wuu yahay. Nasiibwanaag waa ay joogaan sawirqaadayaal caan baxay oo dunida laga yaqaanno, laakiin Somaliland ma laha kuwo la mid ah oo maqal iyo muuqaal u gudbin kara habka casriga ah ee maanta la adeegsado.

Tababbarkani waxa uu ahaa mid taas wax ka beddeli karaya, soona saari kara dad aqoonta “Digital Storytelling” leh.

Waxa is diiwaan geliyey 30 dhallinyar ah, yimidna maalintii tababbarka. Waxa casharkan bixinayey Princely H. Glorious oo ah muwaaddin reer Tanzania ah, balse muddo bil hawlo shaqo u joogey Somaliland, martina si gaar ah ugu ahaa Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa. Princely waa sawirqaade khibrad dheer u leh tebinta sheekooyinka ee habka muuqaalka casriga ah. Maadaama oo uu marti u ahaa Xarunta Dhaqanka, waxa uu go’aansaday in uu ku darsado waxqabadka Xarunta, tababbarkan.

Waxa halkaas ka soo baxay dhallinyaro fahmay heerka ay ka gaadhi karaan mihnaddan, haddii qof ama laba ay ka soo baxaanna, ay wax badan ka beddeli karaan sida ay imika xaaladdu tahay.

Caweyska Suugaanta

Caweys ka mid ah kuwa loogu jecel yahay ayaa sidii looga bartay habeenkan madasha keenay saddex dhallinyar ah. Khadar oo aad caan ugu ah jacburka ayaa dhowr maanso goobta ka tiriyey, mid ka mid ahi ay ahayd baroordiiq uu u sameeyey, Alle ha u naxariistee, Macallin Xasan Cawaale. Hodan waxa ay ka maansootan tahriibka, Maariya Cismaanna jacaylka ayay maanso dheer ku xustay.

Daahfurka “50 Sheeko iyo Sheeko”

Maxamed Xasan Cali “Weji” waa suugaanyahan, murtimaal in badan ka soo shaqeeyay idaacadda Radio Hargeysa. Weji waxa uu aad caan ugu yahay curinta sheekooyinka gaagaaban, balse ay murtidoodu aad u cuddoon tahay. Waa laba shay oo aan inta badan la midayn karin, se uu isagu ku guulaystay, hibana u leeyahay. Konton sheeko oo ka mid ah sheekooyinkaas tirada badan, ayuu meel isugu geeyey oo uu habeenkan soo bandhigay.


Daaddihiso: Khadra Maxamed

Yaasmiin Maxaxmed Kaahin waa da’yarta suugaanyahanka ah, alliftana riwaayadaha. Yaasmiin waxa ay safar dheer ugu kacday gobollada waddanka oo dhan. Socodkeedu waxa uu isku xidhayey Awdal ilaa Sool iyo inta u dhaxaysa. Safarkeedu waxa uu daarraa bandhigga riwaayadda ay alliftay ee la yidhaahdo “Dhiifta waaya iyo dhallin warkeedii”. Taas waxa u dheeraa in ay gobol kasta u wadday maanso u gaar ah.

Socdaalkan oo muddo qaatay ayaa lagu soo gunaanaday caweyskan. Waxa goobta lagu daawaday muuqaal soo koobaya socdaalkeedii iyo wixii ay kala kulantay gobol kasta. Taas waxa dheeraa maansadii gobolka Maroodijeex oo ay ugu luuqaysay. Caweyska waxa dhextaal u ahaa heeso kaban ah.

Daahfurka Maansada “Xeer-ku-dirir” iyo Xasan Dhuxul “Laabsaalax”

Daaddihiso: Yaasmin Maxamed Kaahin

Xasan Saleebaan Dhuxul oo loo yaqaanno “Laabsaalax” waa aas-aasaha Xiddigaha Geeska, ahna halabuurka allifay heeso aad u badan oo ay qaadaan fannaaniinta kooxda iyo kuwo kaleba. Xasan waxa lagu bartay samaynta heesaha, haddii ay tahay ereyada iyo laxankaba. Balse caweyskan waxa uu soo bandhigayey maanso uu ugu magac daray “Xeer-ku-dirir”. Maansadan oo uu kula dardaarmayey hoggaamiyayaasha xisbiyada qaranka iyo dhammaan mas’uuliyiinta xilalka u haya dawladda, waxa daahfurkeedii ka soo qayb galay marti ay ka mid yihiin abwaanno xubno kale oo dawladda ka socday.

Maansada “Xeer-ku-dirir” waxa ay la hadlaysay bulshada reer Somaliland oo dhan, balse waxa ay si gaar ah ugu socotay qof kasta oo dadka xil u haya am araba in uu u qabto.

Waxa kale oo goobtaas joogay Xiddigaha Geeska oo halkaas ka qaaday heeso dhowr ah oo ay ka mid tahay heesta “Hankaagu ha dhaafo reer hebel.”

Caweyska Suugaanta

Daaddihiso: Khadra Maxamed

Sidee loo dheellitiri karaa golaha suugaanta ee dalka? Sidee ayaa se loo dhiirri gelin karaa hibooyinka aan la dhaadanayn ee dalka gobol walba jooga? Xarunta Dhaqanka ee Hargeysa ayaa waxa ay bilowday in ay saamayn ku yeelato arrintan, waxna ka beddesho sida ay imika tahay. Habeenka “Caweyska Suugaanta” ayaa ah mid ay u siman yihiin dhammaan dhallinyarta uu Ilaahay hibada u siiyey tirinta suugaanta, lab iyo dheddig, gobol kasta oo ay joogaanba.

Deeqa Nuux Yoonis, Maxamed Galaydh, Ibraahim Xagar iyo Cabdiqani Mandela waa dhallinyar ka mid ah kuwa maanta ay tahay in la siiyo masrax ay suugaantooda ku soo bandhigaan, lagana faa’ideysto. Caweyskan waxa ay afartoodu ku soo bandhigeen, dadka 300 kor u dhaafay ee fadhiyana ay la wadaageen suugaan dhinacyo badan taabanaysa. Haddii ay noqoto wadaniyadda, toosinta jiilka ay ka midka yihiin iyo dhanka jacaylka, intaba.

Haweenka iyo Garsoorka

Daaddihiso: Nuural-huda Cali Banfas

Waxa in badan laga faalloodaa sida dhibbanayaasha dheddig aanay mararka qaar u soo bandhigan karin dacwaddooda maadaama ay raggu aad ugu badan yihiin goobaha garsoorka oo dhan. Laga yaabaa in ay qofka dumarka ahi ka xishooto in ay ka warranto faldambiyeed iyada ka dhan ah, amaba sababo kale awgood aanay ugu sheegan karin ragga. Taasi waa marka laga eego dhanka dhibbanaha. Dhanka kale ee dhallinyarta iyo in ay u sinnaadaan tacliinta dalka taalla, inantuna ay shaqo ku heli karto wixii ay soo baratay, iyada oo aan lagu faquuqay dheddignimadeeda.

Nasiibwanaag, taasi waa ay soo yaraanaysaa xilligan la joogo, walow ay hawl badani dhiman tahay. Haween badan ayaa ku jira ciidanka amaba dembibaadhayaal ah, tirade haweenka ee qareennada ahi waa ay soo kordhaysaa, qaarkoodna waxaba ay ka shaqeeyaan xafiiska xeerilaalinta.

Hibo waxa ay ka baxday jaamcadda sannadkii 2012, imikana waxa ay xeerilaaliye ahayd laga soo bilaabo 2014-kii. Farduus, sidoo kale 2012 ay waxbarashadeedii dhammaysay, maantana waa qareen. Xubinta saddexaad ee caweyskan goobjoogga ahayd waa Hoodo oo ah dembibaadhe.

Garsoorka Somaliland iyo dardargelinta in la kordhiyo tirada haweenku waxa ay saamayn yeelatay ka dib kulankii ay Wasaaradda Caddaaladdu soo agaasintay sannadkii 2008-dii. Shirkaasi waxa uu wax ka taray ka-qaybgalka haweenka ee nidaamka caddaalada ee dalka.


The Hargeysa Cultural Center was opened in August 2014 in Hargeysa, Somaliland. The Center was established by Redsea Cultural Foundation (RCF). Since its establishment, the Hargeysa Cultural Center has become an important feature in Hargeysa’s cultural landscape. The success of the center owes much to the respect that RCF has gained from its work on running the annual Hargeysa International Book Fair, which, now in its eighth year, has become one of the most admired cultural events in the region.

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